|parents||James Kinder & Mary Rider|
|born||(maybe 15 August) 1824, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, England[2,4]
|died||13 February 1878, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia|
|buried||14 February 1878, Sandhurst (Bendigo) Cemetery, Victoria, Australia|
This 1841 census address is for George Street, Dukinfield.
Also shown in the census record is Alice and Ann who will both appear again later.
|Elizabeth was buried at St Mary's Catholic Church, Dukinfield, Astley Street graveyard.|
Elizabeth being of the Catholic faith and Cyrus baptised as Anglican explains why they were married in the Church of England in Manchester - away from too many family members
Copy of headstone
The Argus, 15 February 1854
"Golden Age", 2280 tons, was originally laid down for the Collins Line
and intended for service between Panama and Australia. After a
maiden voyage to Australia she sailed to Panama arriving on June 17,
The owners decided there was not enough business to warrant the long haul and sold the ship to the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. Along with her sister ships, the "Golden Gate", "John L. Stephens" and "Sonora" she helped Pacific Mail to control the route from Panama to San Francisco during the 1850's. After completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869 the Golden Age was sold to the Japanese firm of Mitsubishi Co. Renamed Hiroshima Maru she continued in service until about 1890.
She was very popular among the Japanese who nicknamed her the "Good Luck Ship." She was specially honored in 1877 by conveying the Emperor from Kobe to Yokohama, the first time an Emperor boarded a steamship. (San Francisco Maritime Museum).
When Cyrus travelled the 150 km to the north east of Melbourne, Bendigo was named "Sandhurst".
Historically, the area has been the 2nd highest gold producing area in Australia after Kalgoorlie in Western Australia and 7th largest in the world, producing in excess of 20 million ounces over the past 150 years.
Cyrus took out the compulsory Miner’s Right – (No 10) on 22 June 1860 (valid for one year) and again (No 22) on 1 April 1862. Presumably he also had one for the intervening year.
|In 1854, in Ballarat, Victoria, there was an armed rebellion by miners known as the Eureka Stockade. Rebelling against a harsh licensing system and other injustices the miners armed themselves and built a stockade over which flew their flag – The Eureka Flag (a stylelised version of the southern cross). The military overran the Eureka stockade and there were many killed and wounded on both sides. License fees were soon abolished and miners were given the right to vote. After an inquiry in 1855, the Miner’s Right was introduced and remains a requirement today. Not only does this provide the right to search for gold, subject to certain conditions, but it also allows you to legally keep what gold you find.|
|Click here to learn the about the rights and obligations of a Miner's Right in those times.|
from Cyrus' death certificate