|Johannes Theodorus Rosen (b 1764)
||Petrus Rosen & Maria Sibylla Rink|
|born:||23 October 1764||Aldenhoven, Germany|
||23 October 1764||Aldenhoven, Germany[1,2,3]|
||19 June 1839||Harderwijk, Gelderland, NL|
|buried:||29 June 1839||Harderwijk, Gelderland, NL|
||2 November 1794||Harderwijk, Gelderland, NL|
|Antonia Maria Peters
||13 August 1771||Eijmeren, Oost Brabant, NL|
|baptised:||15 August 1771||Roman Catholic Church Eijmeren, Oost Brabant, NL|
||14 May 1820||Harderwijk, Gelderland, NL|
||Petrus Josephus||Agatha Sara|
||9 August 1823||Harderwijk, Gelderland, NL|
|Johanna Elisabeth Leenen
||3 April 1790||Eerbeek, Gelderland, NL[6,12]|
||5 January 1856||Harderwijk, Gelderland, NL|
born on 23 October 1764 and baptised at St
Roman Catholic Church,
Aldenhoven, Rheinland Westfalen, Germany on the same day. He was
the only son of
Rosen and Maria Sibylla Rinck who also had four daughters. |
His godparents were named as Johannes Theodor Krichel and Petronella Malmathir – perhaps an aunt (his grandmother was Maria Joanna Malmethier).
Theodorus emigrated to Harderwijk in the Netherlands. We
don’t know exactly why
he left Aldenhoven but this was the time of the Napoleonic Wars.
south-western part of Germany was regularly criss-crossed by armies and young men would be
always liable for conscription into one or another army. Perhaps
Gelderland was a
Another reason may have been employment. Perhaps there were tough economic circumstances in Aldenhoven, his parents were poor. Harderwijk was a prosperous town, a member of the Hanseatic Trading League in the Middle Ages, and may have offered more employment opportunities than Aldenhoven.
I have also wondered why a young Roman Catholic man would emigrate to a town that was overwhelmingly Protestant. It has been pointed out to me that in the 1700s, a number of Roman Catholic people of German origin moved to Harderwijk. Referance 21, a register of "recognised" town citizens of Harderwijk, shows quite a few names originating in nearby German regions such as Toebes (from Südlohn), Lütkenhaus (from Stadtlohn), Sicking, Sikken, Dechering and Bensing (from Vreden), etc. Could Johannes have been aware that a German Roman Catholic community existed in Harderwijk and that was also an attraction for him?
Once he was living in Harderwijk, he was generally known as Theodorus but sometimes recorded also as Doris, Dorus or Dores.
|In 1794, Johannes
married Antonia Maria Peters at the Harderwijk
Roman Catholic Church. |
|Antonia was born on 13 August 1771 and baptised at the Roman Catholic church in Eijmeren on 15 August. Her parents were Antoon Peters and Pertonella Rigoor[5,22]. On Antonia's death certificate her mother's surname is stated as "Regoor". The town of Eijmeren is now known as Eimeren and lies close to Elst in Gelderland.|
|Antonia Maria was born in Eijmeren but it is not known how found her way to Harderwijk or how she met Johannes Theodorus.|
The Burgerboek of Harderwijk 1795 (a register of citizens in the city) recorded Dores Rosen living at De Hoog-en Groote Poorts Straat 198.
The civic register of 1811 recorded Doris Roosen, occupation Menuisier (Carpenter). Reference 15 recorded Doris Roosen as the head-of-the-house at Luttekepoortstraat 332 (now no 8) in 1812.
|Antonia died on 14 May 1820 at 10.00am aged only 48 years. Her death was reported on the 15th by Johannes Theodorus. Antonia died at their home at Luttekepoortstraat 332 in Harderwijk. Johannes Theodorus’ (Doris) occupation was stated as Carpentry Joiner (Schrijnwerker).|
|Johanna Elisabeth Leenen was born in Eerbeek, Gelderland and her parents were Mathijs Leenen (died 1800, Voorst, Gelderland) and Hendrina Smits (died 1818, Voorst, Gelderland)[6,18].|
|When Johannes and Johanna Elisabeth Leenen were married in 1823, he was noted as being the widower of Antonia Maria Peters and he was already 58 years old. Johanna was 33 years old.|
Johanna Elisabeth was working in
Harderwijk as a Servant (Dienstmeid) at the time of their marriage. Johannes was still working as a Carpentry Joiner.|
Their marriage certificate included 7 addenda:-
When Johannes Theodorus and Johanna Elisabeth were married, she was already five months pregnant with her first child, Antonia Helena. Johanna Elisabeth moved into Johannes’ home at Luttekepoortstraat 332 and they were living there when their 2nd and 3rd children were born in 1826 and 1828[7,8].
According to the Harderwijk 1830 Census, the family was still living at Luttekepoortstraat 332. Johannes was 65 years old and his occupation was now noted as Cabinetmaker. Johanna Elizabeth was 39 years of age. Living with them were their first three children – Antonia Helena, Henderikus Kornelis and Wilhelmina Johanna. The family’s religion was stated to be Roman Catholic.
Also living with them was Maria Jordaan, a 23 year old Servant. When Josephus Eligius was born in 1831 the family was still living at Luttekepoortstraat 332.
Also, according to the Harderwijk Census of 1840, Johanna Elisabeth (now widowed) together with Antonia Helena, Henderikus Kornelis, Wilhelmina Johanna and Josephus Eligius were still living at the Luttekepoortstraat 332 house. Things must have been rather cramped since the census also reported five other people living at the same address.
Luttekepoortstraat (south end)
Luttekepoortstraat (north end)
|The street numbering in Harderwijk has changed twice since this
time (in 1850 and again in 1910).
In 1840, the number was 38 and the Bevolkingsregister (inhabitants register) of 1840-1850 noted that the head of the household was a Cabinetmaker. After 1850 the number was changed to 8. The original house no longer exists.
Harderwijk map of 1830s but with house numbers shown for ca 1850.
Number 332 highlighted. Note also, the large garden area ("Tuin van 332") behind the house.
|Johannes Theodorus died in Harderwijk on 19 June 1839 at 11.00 in the evening aged 74 years at his Luttekepoortstraat home. He was buried on 29 June. It appears that he lived in the one home for all of his married life and worked as a Joiner and Cabinetmaker in Harderwijk.|
|Johanna Elisabeth died in Harderwijk at the Luttekepoortstraat home on 5 January 1856 aged 65 years.|
|This is the
last time we see our family name spelled as Rosen
Netherlands. On all of his children’s baptismal entries,
marriage and death
certificates, the name is spelled as Roosen
first child's baptism entry it is spelled Roossen).
All references to his children have their surname as Roosen.
This is likely to be the transition, over a short period of time, to a
Dutch pronounciation of family name which originated in Germany.
||Registers of St Martinus Roman Catholic Church, Aldenhoven|
||International Genealogy Index, Batch No C995591|
||Johannes Theodorus Roosen extract of birth|
||Johannes Theodorus and Antonia Maria Peters marriage entry|
||Antonia Maria Peters’ death certificate|
||Johannes Theodorus and Johanna Elisabeth Leenen marriage certificate|
||Henderikus Kornelis Roosen b 1826 birth certificate|
||Wilhelmina Johanna Roosen b 1828 birth certificate|
||1830 Harderwijk Census|
||Josephus Eligius Roosen b 1831 birth certificate|
||Johannes Theodorus Roosen death certificate|
||Johanna Elisabeth Leenen death certificate|
||1840 Harderwijk Census|
||Harderwijk – Register Civique 1811|
||Namen van de Hoofden de Huisgezinnen Benevens de Nummers en Perceelen der Stad Harderwyck 1812|
|16||Burgerboek Harderwijk 1795, page 25.|
|17||Harderwijk Bevolkingsregister 1840-1850|
|18||Eerbeek Roman Catholic churchbook, www.regionaalarchiefzutfen.nl|
|19||Karel Uittien - personal communication May 2005|
|20||Pau Bensing, private communication, 3 August 2011|
|22||Antonia Maria Peters baptism record, Eimeren, Elst|
|23||Aldenhoven Im Jahre 1799, Willi Doven & Gunter Bers, 1997|